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Open AccessArticle

Metabolic Syndrome Knowledge among Adults with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study

School of Nursing, Shenzhen University, 1066 Xue Yuan Road, Shenzhen, 518055, China
The Nethersole School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese Universityof Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
School of Nursing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong
College of Nursing, University of Arizona, 1305 N. Martin, P.O. Box 210203, Tucson, AZ, 85721, USA
Faculty of Nursing, College of Medicine, Xian Jiaotong University, 76 West Yanta Road, Xi’an, 710061, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 159;
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 8 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiometabolic risk factors. Many people may be unaware of their risk for MetS. A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted among hospitalized patients with at least one cardiometabolic risk factor in Mainland China. This study assessed the MetS knowledgelevel(through MetS Knowledge Scale, MSKS) and examined the potential predictors by regression analysis. A total of 204 patients aged 58.5 ± 10.1 years (55% males) participated in this study. The majority of participants had no history of hypertension (54%), dyslipidemia (79%), or diabetes (85%). However, 56% of these participants had at least three cardiometabolic risk factors, indicating the presence of MetS. The average MSKS was very low (mean = 36.7±18.8, possible range = 0–100), indicating the urgent needs of MetS education in current practice. Predictors of better MetS knowledge included higher educational level, history of dyslipidemia, and normal high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (F (8, 195) = 9.39, adjusted R2 = 0.192, p< 0.001). In conclusion, adults with cardiometabolic risk factors are at risk of developing MetS, but with a low level of knowledge. Specific health education on MetS should be provided, particularly for those with limited formal education or inadequate lipid management. View Full-Text
Keywords: metabolic syndrome; knowledge; health education metabolic syndrome; knowledge; health education
MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Q.; Chair, S.Y.; Wong, E.-L.; Taylor-Piliae, R.E.; Qiu, X.C.H.; Li, X.M. Metabolic Syndrome Knowledge among Adults with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 159.

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