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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010118

Saltwater Intrusion Function and Preliminary Application in the Yangtze River Estuary, China

1,2
,
2
and
2,*
1
Department of Hyraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2
China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 November 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 27 December 2018 / Published: 4 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
Full-Text   |   PDF [8588 KB, uploaded 4 January 2019]   |  

Abstract

More attention has been paid to saltwater-intrusion-related problems in recent years. In this research study, a saltwater intrusion function in the Yangtze River Estuary (YRE) was constructed based on the theory of the interactions between energy accumulation and impedance. A MIKE21 model was used to simulate the hydrodynamics of the YRE. Then, through the analysis of the relationships between the river discharge conditions, tidal ranges, and saltwater intrusion, it was determined that, under certain river discharge conditions, the tidal ranges and salinity levels at the stations in the southern branch (SB) of the YRE conformed to S-shaped curve characteristics. Also, the tidal ranges and salinity excessive area rate (SEAR) displayed similar characteristics. Furthermore, the river discharge conditions were also found to match the S-curve characteristics between the two aforementioned relationship features. Therefore, the saltwater intrusion function of the YRE was constructed based on the previously mentioned development rules. Also, the applied quantification methods were elaborated, and the values of the parameters were determined. As a result, the critical river discharge (more than 10,000 m3/s) was obtained, which could withstand large-scale saltwater intrusions. When the river discharge was greater than 30,000 m3/s, the area was considered to be basically without salt water intrusions, and the estuarine ecology was in an optimal state. The saltwater intrusion losses from 2005 to 2015 are also calculated. These findings have important reference value for water dispatching of the YRE in the dry season. View Full-Text
Keywords: S-shaped curve; saltwater intrusion; MIKE 21; river discharge; tidal range S-shaped curve; saltwater intrusion; MIKE 21; river discharge; tidal range
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Xu, Z.; Ma, J.; Hu, Y. Saltwater Intrusion Function and Preliminary Application in the Yangtze River Estuary, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 118.

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