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Open AccessArticle

The Presence of Cu Facilitates Adsorption of Tetracycline (TC) onto Water Hyacinth Roots

by Xin Lu 1,†, Beibei Tang 1,†, Qi Zhang 1,2, Lizhu Liu 1, Ruqin Fan 1 and Zhenhua Zhang 1,3,*
Institute of Agricultural Resource and Environmental Sciences, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
School of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1982;
Received: 27 July 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 11 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers in Environmental Biogeochemistry)
Batch experiments were conducted to investigate the adsorption characteristics of tetracycline (TC), and the interactive effects of copper (Cu) on the adsorption of TC onto water hyacinth roots. TC removal efficiency by water hyacinth roots was ranging from 58.9% to 84.6%, for virgin TC, 1:1 TC-Cu and 1:2 TC-Cu. The Freundlich isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model fitted the adsorption data well. Thermodynamics parameters ΔG0 for TC were more negative in the TC plus Cu than the TC-only treatments, indicating the spontaneity of TC adsorption increased with increasing of Cu concentrations. An elevated temperature was associated with increasing adsorption of TC by water hyacinth roots. The additions of Cu(II) significantly increased TC adsorption onto water hyacinth roots within the pH range 4 to 6, because copper formed a strong metal bridge between root surface and TC molecule, facilitating the adsorption of TC by roots. However, Cu(II) hindered TC adsorption onto water hyacinth roots on the whole at pH range from 6–10, since the stronger electrostatic repulsion and formation of CuOH+ and Cu(OH)2. Therefore, the interaction between Cu(II) and TC under different environmental conditions should be taken into account to understand the environmental behavior, fate, and ecotoxicity of TC. View Full-Text
Keywords: adsorption; tetracycline (TC); copper (Cu); complexation; water hyacinth roots adsorption; tetracycline (TC); copper (Cu); complexation; water hyacinth roots
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Lu, X.; Tang, B.; Zhang, Q.; Liu, L.; Fan, R.; Zhang, Z. The Presence of Cu Facilitates Adsorption of Tetracycline (TC) onto Water Hyacinth Roots. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1982.

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