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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1922; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091922

The Impact of Innovative Smoking Reduction Education at Hospital Entrances: A Prospective Pre- and Post-Test Study Design

1,2
,
1,2,3
,
2,4
and
2,5,6,*
1
Department of Nursing, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi 613, Taiwan
2
Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi 613, Taiwan
3
Department of Respiratory Care, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi 613, Taiwan
4
Department of Health Promotion, Chiayi Bureau of Health, Chiayi 613, Taiwan
5
Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan
6
Department of Cardiology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Yunlin 638, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2018 / Revised: 26 August 2018 / Accepted: 1 September 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
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Abstract

Background: Nurses are expected to play an important role in smoking reduction education. Although the smoking ban was enacted in Taiwan in 1997, which included the introduction of smoking-free areas around the entrances of hospitals, many smokers are still found near hospitals. Few smoking reduction programs have been initiated around hospital entrances. The aim of this study was to examine the impacts of an innovative smoking reduction education program, which was conducted by nursing students around the entrances of a teaching hospital. Methods: A prospective pre- and post-test study design was used. The smoking reduction education program consisted of posters, audio broadcasts, and dramatic performances that provided information and resources related to smoking reduction. Outcome variables included the number of smokers, number of cigarette butts on the ground, and the experiences from nursing students after conducting the program. Results: After adjusting for weather and temperature, the number of smokers decreased significantly in the afternoon and during the whole day after the implementation of the program. The number of cigarette butts significantly decreased during the implementation of the program. Conclusion: The findings reveal that alternative smoking reduction programs initiated around hospital entrances significantly reduced both the number of smokers and cigarette butts on the ground. Nursing students shared their positive experiences in conducting this study. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking cessation education; nursing students; nursing education; hospital entrance smoking cessation education; nursing students; nursing education; hospital entrance
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Chu, T.-P.; Chen, M.-L.; Lin, Y.-C.; Chen, M.-Y. The Impact of Innovative Smoking Reduction Education at Hospital Entrances: A Prospective Pre- and Post-Test Study Design. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1922.

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