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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1842; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091842

Prevailing over Adversity: Factors Counteracting the Long-Term Negative Health Influences of Social and Material Disadvantages in Youth

1
Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Epidemiology and Global Health, Umeå University, Norrland University Hospital, SE-901 85 Umeå, Sweden
3
Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, SE-751 05 Uppsala, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2018 / Revised: 21 August 2018 / Accepted: 24 August 2018 / Published: 27 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Stress, Coping, and Resilience in Adolescents)
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Abstract

Disadvantaged circumstances in youth tend to translate into poor health development. However, the fact that this is not always the case has been seen as indicative of differential resilience. The current study highlights factors outside the context of the family with the potential to counteract the long-term negative influences of social and material adversity in adolescence on general health status. This study was based on two waves of questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort. From the wave in 1981 (age 16), indicators of social and material conditions as well as factors related to school, peers, and spare time were derived. From the wave in 2008 (age 43), information about self-rated health was used. Ordinal logistic regression models (n = 908) showed that adversity in youth was associated with poorer self-rated health in midlife among men and women alike, net of health status at baseline. However, having an advantaged situation with regard to school, peers, or spare time appeared to protect against the detrimental influences of disadvantaged circumstances in the family context on subsequent health. This suggests that health-promoting interventions may benefit from focusing on contexts outside the family in their effort to strengthen processes of resilience among disadvantaged youths. View Full-Text
Keywords: disadvantages; living conditions; longitudinal; resilience; self-rated health; youth disadvantages; living conditions; longitudinal; resilience; self-rated health; youth
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Almquist, Y.B.; Landstedt, E.; Jackisch, J.; Rajaleid, K.; Westerlund, H.; Hammarström, A. Prevailing over Adversity: Factors Counteracting the Long-Term Negative Health Influences of Social and Material Disadvantages in Youth. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1842.

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