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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(9), 1795; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091795

The Influence of Adolescents’ Social Networks on Alcohol Consumption: A Descriptive Study of Spanish Adolescents Using Social Network Analysis

1
SALBIS Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of León, Campus of Ponferrada s/n, Ponferrada, 24401 León, Spain
2
SECOMUCI Research Groups, Escuela de Ingenierías Industrial e Informática, University of León, Campus de Vegazana s/n, C.P. 24071 León, Spain
3
GIIGAS Research Group, Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED), University of León, Campus de Vegazana s/n, C.P. 24071 León, Spain
4
GIIGAS Research Group, Instituto de Biomedicina (IBIOMED), Ciber de Epidemiologia y Salud Pública (CIBERSP), University of León, Campus de Vegazana s/n, C.P. 24071 León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2018 / Revised: 6 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 21 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Networks and Health)
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Abstract

In adolescence, friends are important due to their influence on the acquisition of habits such as alcohol consumption. However, there is a lack of studies that describe the structural context of adolescents, which would be useful to implement prevention strategies. Therefore, our research question was how adolescent friendship networks influence alcohol consumption. Our goal was to determine the structural profile of adolescent at-risk alcohol users and their relational context in the classroom. We designed a descriptive cross-sectional study based on social network analysis to analyze structural patterns. We recruited 195 students. Social-network and alcohol-consumption variables were analyzed using the UCINET and STATA programs. Some 86.67% of participants had consumed alcohol at some time in their lives and the prevalence of at-risk alcohol use was higher in females (50.48% vs. 49.52%; OR: 1.84; CI 95%: 0.99–3.43%; p = 0.036). The lower the intensity of friendship, the more contacts adolescent at-risk alcohol users had within the network, and the easier it was for them to access their peers. Consequently, we conclude that the structure of a class is a key factor that merits further research. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; alcohol consumption; social-network analysis; structural pattern in the class adolescents; alcohol consumption; social-network analysis; structural pattern in the class
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Quiroga, E.; Pinto-Carral, A.; García, I.; Molina, A.J.; Fernández-Villa, T.; Martín, V. The Influence of Adolescents’ Social Networks on Alcohol Consumption: A Descriptive Study of Spanish Adolescents Using Social Network Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1795.

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