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Rebuilding the Gut Microbiota Ecosystem

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Section of Microbiology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00185, Italy
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1679; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081679
Received: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 4 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gut Microbiome and Health)
A microbial ecosystem in which bacteria no longer live in a mutualistic association is called dysbiotic. Gut microbiota dysbiosis is a condition related with the pathogenesis of intestinal illnesses (irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease) and extra-intestinal illnesses (obesity, metabolic disorder, cardiovascular syndrome, allergy, and asthma). Dysbiosis status has been related to various important pathologies, and many therapeutic strategies aimed at restoring the balance of the intestinal ecosystem have been implemented. These strategies include the administration of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics; phage therapy; fecal transplantation; bacterial consortium transplantation; and a still poorly investigated approach based on predatory bacteria. This review discusses the various aspects of these strategies to counteract intestinal dysbiosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; eubiosis; dysbiosis; therapeutic strategy gut microbiota; eubiosis; dysbiosis; therapeutic strategy
MDPI and ACS Style

Gagliardi, A.; Totino, V.; Cacciotti, F.; Iebba, V.; Neroni, B.; Bonfiglio, G.; Trancassini, M.; Passariello, C.; Pantanella, F.; Schippa, S. Rebuilding the Gut Microbiota Ecosystem. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1679.

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