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Article

Weather and Health Symptoms

1
Graduate School of Public Health, St. Luke’s International University, Tokyo 104−0045, Japan
2
Department of Social Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo 157−8535, Japan
3
St. Luke’s International Hospital, Tokyo 104−8560, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1670; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081670
Received: 3 July 2018 / Revised: 30 July 2018 / Accepted: 2 August 2018 / Published: 6 August 2018
Weather affects the daily lives of individuals. However, its health effects have not been fully elucidated. It may lead to physical symptoms and/or influence mental health. Thus, we evaluated the association between weather parameters and various ailments. We used daily reports on health symptoms from 4548 individuals followed for one month in October of 2013, randomly sampled from the entirety of Japan. Weather variables from the monitoring station located closest to the participants were used as weather exposure. Logistic mixed effects model with a random intercept for each individual was applied to evaluate the effect of temperature and humidity on physical symptoms. Stratified analyses were conducted to compare weather effects by sex and age group. The lag day effects were also assessed. Joint pain was associated with higher temperature (1.87%, 95% CI = 1.15 to 2.59) and humidity (1.38%, 95% CI = 0.78 to 2.00). Headaches was increased by 0.56% (95% CI = −0.55 to 1.77) per 1 °C increase in the maximum temperature and by 1.35% per 1 °C increase in dew point. Weather was associated with various physical symptoms. Women seem to be more sensitive to weather conditions in association with physical symptoms, especially higher humidity and lower temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: weather and physical symptoms; pain; joint pain; headache; cough; temperature; humidity; depressed mood weather and physical symptoms; pain; joint pain; headache; cough; temperature; humidity; depressed mood
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, M.; Ohde, S.; Urayama, K.Y.; Takahashi, O.; Fukui, T. Weather and Health Symptoms. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081670

AMA Style

Lee M, Ohde S, Urayama KY, Takahashi O, Fukui T. Weather and Health Symptoms. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(8):1670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Mihye, Sachiko Ohde, Kevin Y. Urayama, Osamu Takahashi, and Tsuguya Fukui. 2018. "Weather and Health Symptoms" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 8: 1670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081670

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