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Degradation Characteristics of Color Index Direct Blue 15 Dye Using Iron-Carbon Micro-Electrolysis Coupled with H2O2

Environmental Protection Engineering Center for Pollution Treatment and Control in Textile Industry, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1523; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071523
Received: 6 June 2018 / Revised: 1 July 2018 / Accepted: 14 July 2018 / Published: 19 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
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Abstract

Currently, many industrial dyes are discharged into the environment in China, leading to serious water pollution. However, synthetic organic dyes in industrial effluents cannot be degraded by conventional wastewater treatment methods. Consequently, it is necessary to develop new environmentally friendly technologies to completely mineralize these non-biodegradable compounds. In this study, 300 mg/L typical Color Index (CI) Direct Blue 15 (benzidine disazo) in simulated dye wastewater was degraded by iron-carbon micro-electrolysis coupled with H2O2 to explore its decolorization, total organic carbon (TOC) removal rate, and degradation characteristics. Under the optimal degradation conditions (Fe/C = 2:1, pH = 3, 60-min reaction, 2 mL/L H2O2 (added in three aliquots), 300 mg/L dye), the TOC removal rate and the level of dye decolorization attained 40% and 98%, respectively. In addition, the degradation kinetics indicated that the iron-carbon micro-electrolysis process coupled with H2O2 followed first-order reaction kinetics. A degradation pathway for CI Direct Blue 15 was proposed based on the analysis results of treated wastewater obtained using UV-Vis spectrophotometry and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This study provides an efficient and economical system for the degradation of non-biodegradable pollutants. View Full-Text
Keywords: dye wastewater; iron-carbon micro-electrolysis; kinetics; degradation mechanism dye wastewater; iron-carbon micro-electrolysis; kinetics; degradation mechanism
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Yang, B.; Gao, Y.; Yan, D.; Xu, H.; Wang, J. Degradation Characteristics of Color Index Direct Blue 15 Dye Using Iron-Carbon Micro-Electrolysis Coupled with H2O2. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1523.

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