Next Article in Journal
Geographical Clustering and Environmental Determinants of Schistosomiasis from 2007 to 2012 in Jianghan Plain, China
Previous Article in Journal
A Multilevel Analysis of Perceived Noise Pollution, Geographic Contexts and Mental Health in Beijing
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1480; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071480

Neck Circumference Positively Relates to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in College Students

1
Division of Animal and Nutritional Sciences, West Virginia University, 1194 Evansdale Dr., Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
2
Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, 1215 W. Cumberland Avenue, 229 Jessie Harris Building, Knoxville, TN 37996-1920, USA
3
Department of Business Analytics and Statistics, The University of Tennessee, 916 Volunteer Blvd., Knoxville, TN 37996-1920, USA
4
Office of Statistics, West Virginia University, Davis College of Agriculture, Natural Resources and Design, West Virginia Agriculture and Forestry Experiment Station, 1194 Evansdale Dr., Agricultural Sciences Building, Morgantown, WV 26506, USA
5
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, 26 Nichol Ave., New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
6
Food Science and Human Nutrition Department, University of Florida, 572 Newell Dr., 359 FSHN Building, P.O. Box 110370, Gainesville, FL 32611-0370, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2018 / Revised: 9 July 2018 / Accepted: 11 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [522 KB, uploaded 13 July 2018]   |  

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between neck circumference (NC) and other anthropometric measures and examine cut-off points for males and females according to existing waist circumference cut-off levels in this age group. Across 8 universities, 1562 students underwent a physical assessment. Spearman rho correlations (ρ) were calculated to determine associations between NC and other continuous variables of health. Receiving operating characteristic curves were constructed to assess the optimal cut-off levels of NC of males and females with central obesity. Participants were predominantly Caucasian (67%), female (70%), and outside of Appalachia (82%). Forty-one percent of males and 34% of females had a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2. In both sexes, significant positive correlations were seen between NC and body weight, BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and systolic blood pressure (all p-values < 0.0001). NC ≥ 38 cm for males and ≥33.5 cm for females were the optimal cut-off values to determine subjects with central obesity. NC has been identified to closely correlate with other anthropometric measurements related to disease and could be used as a convenient, low-cost, and noninvasive measurement in large-scale studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: neck circumference; young adult; risk factor; obesity neck circumference; young adult; risk factor; obesity
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Famodu, O.A.; Barr, M.L.; Colby, S.E.; Zhou, W.; Holásková, I.; Leary, M.P.; Byrd-Bredbenner, C.; Mathews, A.E.; Olfert, M.D. Neck Circumference Positively Relates to Cardiovascular Risk Factors in College Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1480.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top