Next Article in Journal
The Relationship of Safety with Burnout for Mobile Health Employees
Next Article in Special Issue
Short-Term Effects of Heat on Mortality and Effect Modification by Air Pollution in 25 Italian Cities
Previous Article in Journal
Physicochemical Properties of Biochars Produced from Biosolids in Victoria, Australia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Health Impacts and Economic Costs of Air Pollution in the Metropolitan Area of Skopje
Open AccessArticle

Development of Ahmedabad’s Air Information and Response (AIR) Plan to Protect Public Health

1
Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), New York, NY 10011, USA
2
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
3
Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar (IIPH-G), Gandhinagar 382042, India
4
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA 02115, USA
5
Health Department, Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC), Ahmedabad 380001, India
6
Apollo Hospital, Ahmedabad 382428, India
7
Ashrai Associates and Sparsh Chest Diseases Center, Ahmedabad 380009, India
8
L.G. Hospital, AMC MET Medical College, Ahmedabad 380008, India
9
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune 411008, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1460; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071460
Received: 31 May 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 10 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change, Extreme Temperatures, Air Pollution, and Health)
Indian cities struggle with some of the highest ambient air pollution levels in the world. While national efforts are building momentum towards concerted action to reduce air pollution, individual cities are taking action on this challenge to protect communities from the many health problems caused by this harmful environmental exposure. In 2017, the city of Ahmedabad launched a regional air pollution monitoring and risk communication project, the Air Information and Response (AIR) Plan. The centerpiece of the plan is an air quality index developed by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology’s System for Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research program that summarizes information from 10 new continuous air pollution monitoring stations in the region, each reporting data that can help people avoid harmful exposures and inform policy strategies to achieve cleaner air. This paper focuses on the motivation, development, and implementation of Ahmedabad’s AIR Plan. The project is discussed in terms of its collaborative roots, public health purpose in addressing the grave threat of air pollution (particularly to vulnerable groups), technical aspects in deploying air monitoring technology, and broader goals for the dissemination of an air quality index linked to specific health messages and suggested actions to reduce harmful exposures. The city of Ahmedabad is among the first cities in India where city leaders, state government, and civil society are proactively working together to address the country’s air pollution challenge with a focus on public health. The lessons learned from the development of the AIR Plan serve as a template for other cities aiming to address the heavy burden of air pollution on public health. Effective working relationships are vital since they form the foundation for long-term success and useful knowledge sharing beyond a single city. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; exposure mitigation; climate change; India; vulnerability; urban public health; risk communication; community engagement; environmental education; environmental forecasting air pollution; exposure mitigation; climate change; India; vulnerability; urban public health; risk communication; community engagement; environmental education; environmental forecasting
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Limaye, V.S.; Knowlton, K.; Sarkar, S.; Ganguly, P.S.; Pingle, S.; Dutta, P.; M., S.L.; Tiwari, A.; Solanki, B.; Shah, C.; Raval, G.; Kakkad, K.; Beig, G.; Parkhi, N.; Jaiswal, A.; Mavalankar, D. Development of Ahmedabad’s Air Information and Response (AIR) Plan to Protect Public Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1460.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop