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Perinatal Mortality in South Asia: Systematic Review of Observational Studies

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School of Science and Health, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag1797, Penrith, NSW 2571, Australia
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School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Locked Bag1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Edward Ford Building (A27), Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1428; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071428
Received: 28 May 2018 / Revised: 3 July 2018 / Accepted: 4 July 2018 / Published: 6 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Background: This study aimed to systematically review observational studies on perinatal mortality in South Asia. Methods: This review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Five computerized bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, and Scopus were searched for published studies which reported factors associated with perinatal mortality in South Asia from 1 January 2000 to 20 March 2018. All relevant observational studies (cohort, cross-sectional and case-control) were reviewed. Results: Fourteen studies met the selection criteria. The most common factors associated with perinatal mortality were: low socioeconomic status, lack of quality health-care services, pregnancy/obstetric complications and lack of antenatal care. Conclusions: Interventions to reduce perinatal mortality in the South Asia should focus on the provision of adequate antenatal care and quality healthcare services which are accessible to women of low socioeconomic status. View Full-Text
Keywords: perinatal mortality; South Asia; systematic review; public health perinatal mortality; South Asia; systematic review; public health
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Ghimire, P.R.; Agho, K.E.; Akombi, B.J.; Wali, N.; Dibley, M.; Raynes-Greenow, C.; Renzaho, A.M.N. Perinatal Mortality in South Asia: Systematic Review of Observational Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1428.

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