Next Article in Journal
Leptospirosis Health Intervention Module Effect on Knowledge, Attitude, Belief, and Practice among Wet Market Workers in Northeastern Malaysia: An Intervention Study
Previous Article in Journal
Predictors of Hypertension in Mauritians with Normotension and Prehypertension at Baseline: A Cohort Study
Article

Neighborhood Disorder and Obesity-Related Outcomes among Women in Chicago

Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 680 North Lake Shore Drive Suite 1400, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1395; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071395
Received: 2 June 2018 / Revised: 25 June 2018 / Accepted: 29 June 2018 / Published: 3 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Neighborhood psychosocial stressors like crime and physical disorder may influence obesity-related outcomes through chronic stress or through adverse effects on health behaviors. Google Street View imagery provides a low-cost, reliable method for auditing neighborhood physical disorder, but few studies have examined associations of Street View-derived physical disorder scores with health outcomes. We used Google Street View to audit measures of physical disorder for residential census blocks from 225 women aged 18–44 enrolled from 4 Chicago neighborhoods. Latent neighborhood physical disorder scores were estimated using an item response theory model and aggregated to the block group level. Block-group level physical disorder scores and rates of police-recorded crime and 311 calls for service requests were linked to participants based on home addresses. Associations were estimated for 6 obesity-related outcomes: body mass index, obesity, total moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and weekly consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, fast food, and snacks. Hierarchical regression models estimated cross-sectional associations adjusting for individual sociodemographics and neighborhood poverty. Higher neighborhood physical disorder was associated with greater odds of obesity (OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.01, 2.02). Living in a neighborhood with a higher crime rate was associated with an increase in weekly snack consumption of 3.06 (95% CI: 1.59, 4.54). View Full-Text
Keywords: neighborhoods; physical disorder; Google Street View; obesity; physical activity; diet neighborhoods; physical disorder; Google Street View; obesity; physical activity; diet
MDPI and ACS Style

Mayne, S.L.; Jose, A.; Mo, A.; Vo, L.; Rachapalli, S.; Ali, H.; Davis, J.; Kershaw, K.N. Neighborhood Disorder and Obesity-Related Outcomes among Women in Chicago. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1395. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071395

AMA Style

Mayne SL, Jose A, Mo A, Vo L, Rachapalli S, Ali H, Davis J, Kershaw KN. Neighborhood Disorder and Obesity-Related Outcomes among Women in Chicago. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(7):1395. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071395

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mayne, Stephanie L., Angelina Jose, Allison Mo, Lynn Vo, Simona Rachapalli, Hussain Ali, Julia Davis, and Kiarri N. Kershaw 2018. "Neighborhood Disorder and Obesity-Related Outcomes among Women in Chicago" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 7: 1395. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071395

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop