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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Hunting, Sale, and Consumption of Bushmeat Killed by Lead-Based Ammunition in Benin

1
EHESP, F-35000 Rennes, France
2
Obstetrical, Perinatal, and Pediatric Epidemiology Team, Centre of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité (U1153), INSERM, Paris Descartes University, 75020 Paris, France
3
Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
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Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou, Benin
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MERIT (Mère et Enfant Face aux Infections Tropicales)—UMR 216, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Université Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France
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Centre de Recherches des Cordeliers, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75006 Paris, France
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Faculté de Pharmacie, Université Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France
8
Inserm, Irset (Institut de Recherche en Santé, Environnement et Travail)—UMR_S 1085, F-35000 Rennes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1140; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061140
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 22 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 1 June 2018
Human consumption of animal meat killed by lead ammunition has been reported as a risk factor for elevated blood lead levels. However, little is known about how meat killed by lead ammunition is hunted, prepared, sold, and consumed. We explored the process from hunting to consumption within communities in Benin from the perspective of preventive measures. We conducted 38 semi-structured interviews with hunters (n = 9) and sellers (n = 8) of bushmeat and families (n = 21) as consumers of bushmeat killed by lead ammunition. Data were transcribed, translated, and coded for analysis. We conducted content analysis to identify and describe key themes and processes from hunting to consumption. Many hunters (n = 7/9) used lead-based ammunition. After the meat is hunted, market sellers often buy it directly from the hunters. Amongst the hunters and sellers, few (n = 4/17) acknowledged removing the meat impacted by lead shot prior to sale. Many families (n = 15/21) mentioned consumption of the hunted bushmeat. The meat is cooked before sharing with children. Many families (n = 19/21) mentioned they look for the remains of the lead shot or remove the meat impacted by the shot. The finding suggests that hunting, sale, and consumption of bushmeat killed by lead ammunition are well-known practices in Allada, Benin. The bushmeat often hunted illegally with lead shot is sold in the markets and eventually consumed by families who attempt to clean the meat impacted by the lead shot before cooking it. View Full-Text
Keywords: Africa; lead exposure; sources; dietary metal exposure; game meat; health Africa; lead exposure; sources; dietary metal exposure; game meat; health
MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmadi, S.; Maman, S.; Zoumenou, R.; Massougbodji, A.; Cot, M.; Glorennec, P.; Bodeau-Livinec, F. Hunting, Sale, and Consumption of Bushmeat Killed by Lead-Based Ammunition in Benin. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1140.

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