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Open AccessArticle

Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E Virus in Roma Settlements: A Comparison with the General Population in Slovakia

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Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, 04180 Košice, Slovakia
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1st Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Safarik University in Kosice, 04011 Košice, Slovakia
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Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, 04011 Košice, Slovakia
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Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Poprad, 05801 Poprad, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 904; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050904
Received: 15 March 2018 / Revised: 25 April 2018 / Accepted: 28 April 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Roma Health)
Hepatitis E infection is one of the most frequent causes of acute hepatitis in the world. Currently five human genotypes with different geographical distributions and distinct epidemiologic patterns are identified. In Slovakia, only rare cases of hepatitis E have been reported in past years. Because the most important risk factors associated with HEV infection include consumption of contaminated pork meat and poor hygienic standards, the aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of anti-HEV total antibodies and the main risk factors for HEV in the population living in separated and segregated Roma settlements (n = 195), which represent places with increased risk of infection in Slovakia and to compare it with the prevalence in the general population (n = 69). Of 264 respondents included in the study, 47 (17.8%) showed positivity for anti-HEV antibodies, 42 of whom were Roma (21.5%, n = 195) and 5 (7.2%, n = 69) non-Roma. The population living in Roma settlements lives in poorer conditions and are at higher risk of HEV in comparison to the general population. However, differences in living conditions within the settlements do not contributed to lower risk of HEV antibody prevalence between Roma living in settlements. View Full-Text
Keywords: hepatitis E; prevalence; risk factors; Roma population; Slovakia hepatitis E; prevalence; risk factors; Roma population; Slovakia
MDPI and ACS Style

Halánová, M.; Veseliny, E.; Kalinová, Z.; Jarčuška, P.; Janičko, M.; Urbančíková, I.; Pella, D.; Dražilová, S.; Babinská, I.; HepaMeta Team. Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E Virus in Roma Settlements: A Comparison with the General Population in Slovakia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 904.

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