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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 897; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050897

Neighbourhood Built Environment Influences on Physical Activity among Adults: A Systematized Review of Qualitative Evidence

1
Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 4Z6 Canada
2
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
3
Faculty of Environmental Design, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 21 April 2018 / Published: 2 May 2018
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Abstract

Qualitative studies can provide important information about how and why the built environment impacts physical activity decision-making—information that is important for informing local urban policies. We undertook a systematized literature review to synthesize findings from qualitative studies exploring how the built environment influences physical activity in adults. Our review included 36 peer-reviewed qualitative studies published from 1998 onwards. Our findings complemented existing quantitative evidence and provided additional insight into how functional, aesthetic, destination, and safety built characteristics influence physical activity decision-making. Sociodemographic characteristics (age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status) also impacted the BE’s influence on physical activity. Our review findings reinforce the need for synergy between transportation planning, urban design, landscape architecture, road engineering, parks and recreation, bylaw enforcement, and public health to be involved in creating neighbourhood environments that support physical activity. Our findings support a need for local neighbourhood citizens and associations with representation from individuals and groups with different sociodemographic backgrounds to have input into neighbourhood environment planning process. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; built environment; qualitative; neighbourhood; walkability physical activity; built environment; qualitative; neighbourhood; walkability
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Salvo, G.; Lashewicz, B.M.; Doyle-Baker, P.K.; McCormack, G.R. Neighbourhood Built Environment Influences on Physical Activity among Adults: A Systematized Review of Qualitative Evidence. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 897.

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