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Open AccessArticle

Suicidal Ideation and Healthy Immigrant Effect in the Canadian Population: A Cross-Sectional Population Based Study

School of Public Health, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 848; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050848
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 22 April 2018 / Accepted: 23 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Suicide Research)
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Abstract

Understanding suicidal ideation is crucial for preventing suicide. Although “healthy immigrant effect” is a phenomenon that has been well documented across a multitude of epidemiological and social studies—where immigrants are, on average, healthier than the native-born, little research has examined the presence of such effect on suicidal ideation. The objective of this study is to investigate if there is a differential effect of immigration identity on suicidal ideation and how the effect varies by socio-demographic characteristics in the Canadian population. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey in year 2014 were used. Multivariate logistic regression was employed. Our findings indicated that recent immigrants (lived in Canada for 9 or less years) were significantly less likely to report suicidal ideation compared with non-immigrants. However, for established immigrants (10 years and above of living in Canada), the risk of suicidal ideation converged to Canadian-born population. Moreover, male immigrants were at significantly lower risk of having suicidal ideation than Canadian-born counterparts; whereas, female immigrants did not benefit from the “healthy immigrant effect”. Our findings suggest the need for targeted intervention strategies on suicidal ideation among established immigrants and female immigrants. View Full-Text
Keywords: suicidal ideation; immigrant; healthy immigrant effect; gender differences suicidal ideation; immigrant; healthy immigrant effect; gender differences
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Elamoshy, R.; Feng, C. Suicidal Ideation and Healthy Immigrant Effect in the Canadian Population: A Cross-Sectional Population Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 848.

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