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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 837; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050837

Social Network Analysis Applied to a Historical Ethnographic Study Surrounding Home Birth

1
Health Research Group, Welfare and Social and Health Sustainability (SALBIS), Faculty of Health Science, University of León, Vegazana Campus, s/n, 24071 León, Spain
2
Library and Information Science Department, Faculty of Humanities, Communication and Documentation, Carlos III University, 28903 Getafe, Madrid, Spain
3
Social Psychology Department, University of Seville, 41004 Seville, Spain
4
School of Social and Human Sciences, Pontifical Bolivarian University, Medellín, Colombia
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Delivery Room, La Ribera University Hospital, 46600 Alcira, Valencia, Spain
6
Faculty of Nursing and Podiatry University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
7
Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, 03690 San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante, Spain
8
Health Research Group, Welfare and Social and Health Sustainability (SALBIS), Faculty of Health Science, University of León, Ponferrada Campus, s/n, 24401 Ponferrada, León, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 24 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
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Abstract

Safety during birth has improved since hospital delivery became standard practice, but the process has also become increasingly medicalised. Hence, recent years have witnessed a growing interest in home births due to the advantages it offers to mothers and their newborn infants. The aims of the present study were to confirm the transition from a home birth model of care to a scenario in which deliveries began to occur almost exclusively in a hospital setting; to define the social networks surrounding home births; and to determine whether geography exerted any influence on the social networks surrounding home births. Adopting a qualitative approach, we recruited 19 women who had given birth at home in the mid 20th century in a rural area in Spain. We employed a social network analysis method. Our results revealed three essential aspects that remain relevant today: the importance of health professionals in home delivery care, the importance of the mother’s primary network, and the influence of the geographical location of the actors involved in childbirth. All of these factors must be taken into consideration when developing strategies for maternal health. View Full-Text
Keywords: social network analysis; home birth; midwife; ethnography; history social network analysis; home birth; midwife; ethnography; history
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Andina-Diaz, E.; Ovalle-Perandones, M.A.; Ramos-Vidal, I.; Camacho-Morell, F.; Siles-Gonzalez, J.; Marques-Sanchez, P. Social Network Analysis Applied to a Historical Ethnographic Study Surrounding Home Birth. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 837.

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