Next Article in Journal
Home as a Place of Noise Control for the Elderly? A Cross-Sectional Study on Potential Mediating Effects and Associations between Road Traffic Noise Exposure, Access to a Quiet Side, Dwelling-Related Green and Noise Annoyance
Next Article in Special Issue
Obstacles and Future Prospects: Considerations on Health Promotion Activities for Older Workers in Europe
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Job Stress and 5-HT2A Receptor Polymorphisms on Self-Reported Sleep Quality in Physicians in Urumqi (Xinjiang, China): A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lifestyle Health Behaviors of Nurses and Midwives: The ‘Fit for the Future’ Study
Open AccessArticle

An Empirical Study Analyzing Job Productivity in Toxic Workplace Environments

1
Glorious Sun School of Business and Management, Donghua University Shanghai, Shanghai 200051, China
2
Business School, University of Central Punjab, Lahore 54600, Pakistan
3
School of Management, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 1035; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15051035
Received: 24 March 2018 / Revised: 7 May 2018 / Accepted: 20 May 2018 / Published: 21 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health Promotion 2018)
Purpose: This empirical study aims to determine the effects of a toxic workplace environment, which can negatively impact the job productivity of an employee. Methodology: Three hundred questionnaires were randomly distributed among the staff members of seven private universities in Pakistan with a final response rate of 89%. For analysis purposes, AMOS 22 was used to study the direct and indirect effects of the toxic workplace environment on job productivity. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to ensure the convergent and discriminant validity of the factors, while the Hayes mediation approach was used to verify the mediating role of job burnout between the four dimensions of toxic workplace environment and job productivity. A toxic workplace with multiple dimensions, such as workplace ostracism, workplace incivility, workplace harassment, and workplace bullying, was used in this study. Findings: By using the multiple statistical tools and techniques, it has been proven that ostracism, incivility, harassment, and bullying have direct negative significant effects on job productivity, while job burnout was shown to be a statistical significant mediator between the dimensions of a toxic workplace environment and job productivity. Finally, we concluded that organizations need to eradicate the factors of toxic workplace environments to ensure their prosperity and success. Practical Implications: This study encourages managers, leaders, and top management to adopt appropriate policies for enhancing employees’ productivity. Limitations: This study was conducted by using a cross-sectional research design. Future research aims to expand the study by using a longitudinal research design. View Full-Text
Keywords: toxic workplace environment; workplace ostracism; workplace incivility; workplace harassment; workplace bullying; job burnout; job productivity toxic workplace environment; workplace ostracism; workplace incivility; workplace harassment; workplace bullying; job burnout; job productivity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Anjum, A.; Ming, X.; Siddiqi, A.F.; Rasool, S.F. An Empirical Study Analyzing Job Productivity in Toxic Workplace Environments. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1035.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop