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Convergence in Sleep Time Accomplished? Gender Gap in Sleep Time for Middle-Aged Adults in Korea

1
Department of Child and Family Welfare, University of Suwon, 17 Wauangill, Bongdam-eup, Hwasung-si, Gyounggi-do 18323, Korea
2
Graduate School of International Studies, Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro, Gwanak-gu, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 803; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040803
Received: 23 February 2018 / Revised: 11 April 2018 / Accepted: 18 April 2018 / Published: 19 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact of 24-Hour Movement Behaviour and Time Use)
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Abstract

Although the gender gap in sleep time has narrowed significantly in the last decade, middle-aged women between ages 35 and 60 still sleep less than their male counterparts in Korea. This study examines and provides evidence for factors contributing to the gender gap in this age group. Using Korean Time Use Survey (KTUS) data from 2004, 2009 and 2014, we find that middle-aged women’s difficulty in managing work-life balance and traditional role expectations placed upon women are the main causes of the gender gap in sleep time. The decomposition analysis reveals that the improved socioeconomic status and recent changes in familial expectations for women may have helped them sleep more than in the past. However, there remain fundamental differences in attitude and time use patterns between men and women that prevent middle-aged women from getting the same amount of sleep. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender gap in sleep time; quality of life; sleep trend; time use; work-life balance gender gap in sleep time; quality of life; sleep trend; time use; work-life balance
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Cha, S.-E.; Eun, K.-S. Convergence in Sleep Time Accomplished? Gender Gap in Sleep Time for Middle-Aged Adults in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 803.

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