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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 780; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040780

Air Pollution Forecasts: An Overview

1
School of Statistics, Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, Dalian 116025, China
2
Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology, University of Technology, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 March 2018 / Revised: 11 April 2018 / Accepted: 11 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
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Abstract

Air pollution is defined as a phenomenon harmful to the ecological system and the normal conditions of human existence and development when some substances in the atmosphere exceed a certain concentration. In the face of increasingly serious environmental pollution problems, scholars have conducted a significant quantity of related research, and in those studies, the forecasting of air pollution has been of paramount importance. As a precaution, the air pollution forecast is the basis for taking effective pollution control measures, and accurate forecasting of air pollution has become an important task. Extensive research indicates that the methods of air pollution forecasting can be broadly divided into three classical categories: statistical forecasting methods, artificial intelligence methods, and numerical forecasting methods. More recently, some hybrid models have been proposed, which can improve the forecast accuracy. To provide a clear perspective on air pollution forecasting, this study reviews the theory and application of those forecasting models. In addition, based on a comparison of different forecasting methods, the advantages and disadvantages of some methods of forecasting are also provided. This study aims to provide an overview of air pollution forecasting methods for easy access and reference by researchers, which will be helpful in further studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution forecast; forecasting models; statistical methods; artificial intelligence methods; numerical forecast methods; hybrid models air pollution forecast; forecasting models; statistical methods; artificial intelligence methods; numerical forecast methods; hybrid models
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Bai, L.; Wang, J.; Ma, X.; Lu, H. Air Pollution Forecasts: An Overview. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 780.

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