Next Article in Journal
Developing an Extended Model of the Relation between Work Motivation and Health as Affected by the Work Ability as Part of a Corporate Age Management Approach
Next Article in Special Issue
Correction: Lee, Y.-H., et al. Beverage Intake, Smoking Behavior, and Alcohol Consumption in Contemporary China—A Cross-Sectional Analysis from the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 493
Previous Article in Journal
An Intuitionistic Multiplicative ORESTE Method for Patients’ Prioritization of Hospitalization
Previous Article in Special Issue
Relationship between the Manner of Mobile Phone Use and Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 778; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040778

Patterns of Physical Activity and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A Pilot Study

1
Department of Community and Environmental Health, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
2
King Abdulla International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
3
Biostatistics Section, King Abdulla International Medical Research Center, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh 11426, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 March 2018 / Revised: 12 April 2018 / Accepted: 13 April 2018 / Published: 17 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behavior and Public Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [826 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Background: In the current study, we investigated the effect of physical activity (PA) on the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods: In total, 146 cases of CHD and 157 matched controls were included in the study. Data on sociodemographics, lifestyle, and medical history factors were collected using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. A standard World Health Organization (WHO)-based lifestyle questionnaire was used to assess PA. The risk of CHD was analyzed in relation to PA patterns using logistic regression. Results: Vigorous-intensity leisure PA was not associated with a lower risk of CHD. Subjects in the highest tertile of moderate occupational PA had a significantly lower risk of CHD compared to the lowest tertile (adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.31, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.17–0.56). Subjects in the highest tertile of walking hasd an adjusted OR of 0.37 (95% CI 0.20–0.70). Subjects in the medium and highest tertiles of sedentary behavior had adjusted ORs of 2.01 (95% CI 1.06–3.79) and 3.88 (95% CI 2.14–7.02), respectively (p-value for trend < 0.001). Conclusion: The current results showed that both moderate occupational PA and walking protected against CHD. Sedentary behavior increased the risk of CHD. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary behavior; cardiovascular diseases; occupational physical activity; walking sedentary behavior; cardiovascular diseases; occupational physical activity; walking
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Zoughool, M.; Al-Ahmari, H.; Khan, A. Patterns of Physical Activity and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease: A Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 778.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top