Next Article in Journal
Using Landscape Analysis to Test Hypotheses about Drivers of Tick Abundance and Infection Prevalence with Borrelia burgdorferi
Next Article in Special Issue
Residential Ambient Traffic in Relation to Childhood Pneumonia among Urban Children in Shandong, China: A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Journal
Epigenetic and Transcriptional Modifications in Repetitive Elements in Petrol Station Workers Exposed to Benzene and MTBE
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characterization of Fine Particulate Matter and Associated Health Burden in Nanjing
Open AccessArticle

Health Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution in Finland

National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), 70701 Kuopio, Finland
Finnish Environmental Institute (SYKE), 00251 Helsinki, Finland
Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), 00560 Helsinki, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(4), 736;
Received: 15 March 2018 / Revised: 4 April 2018 / Accepted: 8 April 2018 / Published: 12 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality and Health)
Air pollution has been estimated to be one of the leading environmental health risks in Finland. National health impact estimates existing to date have focused on particles (PM) and ozone (O3). In this work, we quantify the impacts of particles, ozone, and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in 2015, and analyze the related uncertainties. The exposures were estimated with a high spatial resolution chemical transport model, and adjusted to observed concentrations. We calculated the health impacts according to Word Health Organization (WHO) working group recommendations. According to our results, ambient air pollution caused a burden of 34,800 disability-adjusted life years (DALY). Fine particles were the main contributor (74%) to the disease burden, which is in line with the earlier studies. The attributable burden was dominated by mortality (32,900 years of life lost (YLL); 95%). Impacts differed between population age groups. The burden was clearly higher in the adult population over 30 years (98%), due to the dominant role of mortality impacts. Uncertainties due to the concentration–response functions were larger than those related to exposures. View Full-Text
Keywords: disease burden; mortality; morbidity; particulate matter; fine particles; ozone; nitrogen dioxide disease burden; mortality; morbidity; particulate matter; fine particles; ozone; nitrogen dioxide
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lehtomäki, H.; Korhonen, A.; Asikainen, A.; Karvosenoja, N.; Kupiainen, K.; Paunu, V.-V.; Savolahti, M.; Sofiev, M.; Palamarchuk, Y.; Karppinen, A.; Kukkonen, J.; Hänninen, O. Health Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution in Finland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 736.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop