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Biocapture of CO2 by Different Microalgal-Based Technologies for Biogas Upgrading and Simultaneous Biogas Slurry Purification under Various Light Intensities and Photoperiods

by Pengfei Guo 1,2, Yuejin Zhang 2,* and Yongjun Zhao 2,*
1
Qin Tan (Shanghai) Environmental Engineering Co. Ltd., Shanghai 200232, China
2
College of Biological Chemical Science and Engineering, Jiaxing University, Jiaxing 314001, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 528; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030528
Received: 24 January 2018 / Revised: 13 March 2018 / Accepted: 13 March 2018 / Published: 15 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remediation and Analysis of Soil, Air, and Water Pollution)
Co-cultivation of microalgae and microbes for pollutant removal from sewage is considered as an effective wastewater treatment method. The aim of this study is to screen the optimal photoperiod, light intensity and microalgae co-cultivation method for simultaneously removing nutrients in biogas slurry and capturing CO2 in biogas. The microalgae–fungi pellets are deemed to be a viable option because of their high specific growth rate and nutrient and CO2 removal efficiency under the photoperiod of 14 h light:10 h dark. The order of both the biogas slurry purification and biogas upgrading is ranked the same, that is Chlorella vulgarisGanoderma lucidum > Chlorella vulgaris–activated sludge > Chlorella vulgaris under different light intensities. For all cultivation methods, the moderate light intensity of 450 μmol m−2 s−1 is regarded as the best choice. This research revealed that the control of photoperiod and light intensity can promote the biological treatment process of biogas slurry purification and biogas upgrading using microalgal-based technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: biogas upgrading; co-cultivation; CO2 removal; light intensities; photoperiods biogas upgrading; co-cultivation; CO2 removal; light intensities; photoperiods
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Guo, P.; Zhang, Y.; Zhao, Y. Biocapture of CO2 by Different Microalgal-Based Technologies for Biogas Upgrading and Simultaneous Biogas Slurry Purification under Various Light Intensities and Photoperiods. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 528.

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