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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(3), 465; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030465

Neighborhood Variation of Sustainable Urban Morphological Characteristics

1
Department of Geography, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
Department of Environment, Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
3
Institute for Health and Ageing, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC 3000, Australia
4
School of Geography, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
5
School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management, University of Queensland, Brisbane St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia
6
Science Unit, Lingnan University, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 December 2017 / Revised: 20 February 2018 / Accepted: 28 February 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
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Abstract

Compact cities and their urban forms have implications on sustainable city development because of high density urban settlement, increased accessibility, and a balanced land use mix. This paper uses quantitative means of understanding urban morphological characteristics with reference to the differing qualities of the urban form (i.e., street patterns, building volumes, land uses and greenery). The results, based on 89 neighborhood communities of Hong Kong, show varying degrees of regional differences in the urban built form supported by numerical statistics and graphical illustrations. This paper offers empirical evidence on some morphological characteristics that can be estimated objectively using modern geospatial technologies and applied universally to inform urban planning. However, more studies linking these quantifiable measures of the physical form with sustainable urban living are needed to account for human comfort in the totality of environmental, social, and economic responsibilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban sustainability; morphology; road networks; green space; building volume; land use mix urban sustainability; morphology; road networks; green space; building volume; land use mix
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lai, P.-C.; Chen, S.; Low, C.-T.; Cerin, E.; Stimson, R.; Wong, P.Y.P. Neighborhood Variation of Sustainable Urban Morphological Characteristics. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 465.

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