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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(2), 215;

Study of Stroke Incidence in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia

Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 641, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 641, Abha 61421, Saudi Arabia
Department of Epidemiology, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21511, Egypt
Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 December 2017 / Revised: 12 January 2018 / Accepted: 22 January 2018 / Published: 26 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
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Recent data regarding first-stroke incidence in Saudi Arabia in general and in the Aseer region in particular are scarce and even lacking. The aim of this work was to study the first-time stroke incidence in the Aseer region, southwestern Saudi Arabia. All first-stroke patients admitted to all hospitals in the Aseer region over a one-year period (January through December 2016) were included. Stroke patients outside the Aseer region were excluded from the study. The incidence per 100,000 patients and the concomitant 95% CI (Confidence Intervals) were computed. The present study included 1249 first-time stroke patients and calculated an overall minimal incidence rate of hospitalized first-time stroke of 57.64 per 100,000 persons per year (95% CI: 57.57–57.70). A steady increase was noticed depending on the patients' age, reaching a figure of 851.81 (95% CI: 849.2–854.5) for those patients aged 70 years and more. Overall, the incidence rate for females (48.14; 95% CI: 48.04–48.24) was lower compared to males (65.52; 95% CI: 65.1–66.0). Taking into consideration the expected rise of the elderly because of the prominent medical services provided by the Saudi government, leading to a subsequent change in the horizontal and vertical age distribution structure of the population, an increase in the number of stroke patients is expected. It is suggested to establish a nationwide stroke surveillance system in the Kingdom, with the objective to report, analyze, and maintain an updated overview of the stroke status in Saudi Arabia. View Full-Text
Keywords: stroke; incidence; Saudi Arabia stroke; incidence; Saudi Arabia

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Alhazzani, A.A.; Mahfouz, A.A.; Abolyazid, A.Y.; Awadalla, N.J.; Aftab, R.; Faraheen, A.; Khalil, S.N. Study of Stroke Incidence in the Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 215.

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