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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(12), 2761; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15122761

The Role of Gender in Preparedness and Response Behaviors towards Flood Risk in Serbia

1
Faculty of Security Studies, University of Belgrade, Gospodara Vučića 50, 11040 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padova, Agripolis, viale dell’ Università 16, 35020 Legnaro, Italy
3
Independent Researcher, 06500 Ankara, Turkey
4
Faculty of Geography, University of Belgrade, Studentski Trg 3/III, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 September 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Health)
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Abstract

Adverse outcomes from 2014 flooding in Serbia indicated problematic response phase management accentuated by a gender imbalance. For this reason, we investigated the risk perceptions and preparedness of women and men regarding these types of events in Serbia. Face-to-face interviews, administered to 2500 participants, were conducted across 19 of 191 municipalities. In light of the current findings, men seemed to be more confident in their abilities to cope with flooding, perceiving greater individual and household preparedness. By contrast, women displayed a deeper understanding of these events. Perhaps owing to a deeper level of understanding, women demonstrated more household-caring attitudes and behaviors and were more prone to report a willingness to help flood victims at reception centers. Emergency management agencies and land planners should account for these differences in gender awareness and preparedness. Based on these findings, doing so may increase citizen participation and shared responsibility under flood hazard scenarios. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk; perception; preparedness; gender; Serbia flood risk; perception; preparedness; gender; Serbia
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Cvetković, V.M.; Roder, G.; Öcal, A.; Tarolli, P.; Dragićević, S. The Role of Gender in Preparedness and Response Behaviors towards Flood Risk in Serbia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2761.

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