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Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Roma Populations—A Systematic Review

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Second Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, 150 00 Prague 5, Czech Republic
2
Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Belegärzte am Alice-Hospital, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2607; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112607
Received: 14 October 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 18 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Roma population and compare it to the prevalence in the Caucasian population. Methods: Using the words “Roma”, “Gypsies”, “Romani”, and ”traveler” in combination with “diabetes, “metabolic syndrome”, “cardiovascular disease” and “health status” we searched the MEDLINE, Pubmed and Scopus databases for articles in English that focused on the prevalence of diabetes mellitus among Roma populations published until December 2017. Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria. The results of four of them suggested a higher prevalence of diabetes among Romani compared to Caucasians but none of them reached the standards regarding representative samples and number of cases for a conclusive result. Conclusion: Although some of the existing studies suggest a substantial prevalence of diabetes among Roma populations and even a higher risk of developing diabetes for Roma persons compared to Caucasians, the number of published literature on this topic remains very low and insufficient in design and number of participants to draw any conclusions. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; prevalence; Romani; Roma ethnic; gypsy diabetes mellitus; prevalence; Romani; Roma ethnic; gypsy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nunes, M.A.; Kučerová, K.; Lukáč, O.; Kvapil, M.; Brož, J. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Roma Populations—A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2607. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112607

AMA Style

Nunes MA, Kučerová K, Lukáč O, Kvapil M, Brož J. Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Roma Populations—A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2607. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112607

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nunes, Marisa A., Kristýna Kučerová, Ondřej Lukáč, Milan Kvapil, and Jan Brož. 2018. "Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Roma Populations—A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2607. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112607

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