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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2458; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112458

Perceived Environmental, Individual and Social Factors of Long-Distance Collective Walking in Cities

1
School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519000, China
2
Shenzhen Tourism College, Jinan University, Shenzhen 518053, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 September 2018 / Revised: 31 October 2018 / Accepted: 1 November 2018 / Published: 4 November 2018
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Abstract

Long-distance collective walking is a popular activity in cities across China. However, related research is limited, creating a research gap to explore participants’ dynamic experience and related influential factors. Therapeutic mobilities theory explores the relationships among walking, health, and well-being from a qualitative perspective. Based on therapeutic mobilities theory, following a systematic process, this study develops a scale to quantitatively estimate the perceived environmental, personal, and social factors that may influence health and well-being. By applying construal level theory, this paper further hypothesizes that personality traits and familiarity moderate environmental, personal, and social perceptions. Data were collected with a paper survey (n = 926) from the “Shenzhen 100 km Walking” event. The findings highlight that long-distance collective walkers have comparatively greater experiences of health and well-being in three aspects: positive social interaction, individual development, and environmental understanding. Personality traits, familiarity, and gender moderate this well-being experience. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: well-being experience; long-distance walking; collective leisure activity; walking event; urban leisure well-being experience; long-distance walking; collective leisure activity; walking event; urban leisure
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Yang, P.; Dai, S.; Xu, H.; Ju, P. Perceived Environmental, Individual and Social Factors of Long-Distance Collective Walking in Cities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2458.

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