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Article

The Impact of Climate Change on the Food System in Toronto

1
Initiative for a Competitive Inner City, 56 Warren Street, Boston, MA 02119, USA
2
Formerly with Toronto Public Health, 277 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W2, Canada
3
Toronto Public Health, 277 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(11), 2344; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112344
Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 11 October 2018 / Accepted: 17 October 2018 / Published: 24 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments)
As part of its Climate Change and Health Strategy, in 2017, Toronto Public Health engaged stakeholders from across the food system to complete a high-level vulnerability assessment of the impact of climate change on the food system in Toronto. Using the Ontario Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Guidelines, the City of Toronto’s High-Level Risk Assessment Tool, and a strategic framework developed by the Initiative for a Competitive Inner City, Toronto Public Health identified the most significant extreme weather event risks to food processing, distribution and access in Toronto. Risks associated with three extreme weather events that are the most likely to occur in Toronto due to climate change were analyzed: significant rain and flooding, an extended heat wave, and a major winter ice storm. The analysis finds that while extreme weather events could potentially disrupt Toronto’s food supply, the current risk of an extended, widespread food supply disruption is relatively low. However, the findings highlight that a concerted effort across the food system, including electrical and fuel providers, is needed to address other key vulnerabilities that could impact food access, especially for vulnerable populations. Interruptions to electricity will have food access and food safety impacts, while interruptions to the transportation network and fuel will have food distribution and access impacts. Actions to mitigate these risks could include addressing food access vulnerabilities through ongoing city-wide strategies and integrating food access into the City’s emergency response planning. The next steps will include engaging with multiple partners across the city to understand and strengthen the “last mile” of food distribution and develop community food resilience action plans for vulnerable neighbourhoods. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; extreme weather events; food systems; vulnerable populations climate change; extreme weather events; food systems; vulnerable populations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeuli, K.; Nijhuis, A.; Macfarlane, R.; Ridsdale, T. The Impact of Climate Change on the Food System in Toronto. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112344

AMA Style

Zeuli K, Nijhuis A, Macfarlane R, Ridsdale T. The Impact of Climate Change on the Food System in Toronto. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(11):2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112344

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zeuli, Kimberly, Austin Nijhuis, Ronald Macfarlane, and Taryn Ridsdale. 2018. "The Impact of Climate Change on the Food System in Toronto" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 11: 2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15112344

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