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Article

Tobacco Health Risk Awareness among Socially Disadvantaged People—A Crucial Tool for Smoking Cessation

1
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Nutrition in Digestive Tract Diseases, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2244; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102244
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 6 October 2018 / Published: 13 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking Cessation)
The goal of this cross-sectional survey was to assess the level of knowledge on harmful effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and active smoking among socially-disadvantaged people in Poland. The study was conducted among 1817 respondents aged 18–59 years, who used aid services from local social care institutions in Piotrkowski district. Majority of the participants were aware of the fact that smoking may cause serious diseases and lung cancer (92%). However, those percentages were lower for awareness of ETS and health risk (69.4%) and for awareness of smoking/ETS-associated risk of stroke and heart attack (57%, 68%). The male respondents and smokers had much higher odds of lacking knowledge that smoking causes serious diseases and lung cancer compared to the females (OR = 1.47 and OR = 1.86; p < 0.05) and non-smokers (OR = 2.35 and OR = 2.31; p < 0.001). In addition, those with temporary jobs and the unemployed had a higher risk of lack of knowledge on smoking and lung cancer risk (OR = 2.14 and OR = 1.66; p < 0.05) as well as ETS and the risk of stroke (OR = 1.52 and OR = 1.51; p < 0.05) as compared to those with permanent jobs. The smokers who were aware of four health consequences of smoking indicated an intention to quit smoking within the next month more frequently when compared to those who did not have the knowledge on all of the analyzed harmful effects of tobacco use (19.7% vs. 13.1%; p < 0.05). There is a need to improve knowledge on the dangers associated with active and passive smoking among socially disadvantaged populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: tobacco; active and passive smoking; health risk perception; tobacco-associated health risk awareness; socially disadvantaged populations; smoking cessation tobacco; active and passive smoking; health risk perception; tobacco-associated health risk awareness; socially disadvantaged populations; smoking cessation
MDPI and ACS Style

Milcarz, M.; Polanska, K.; Bak-Romaniszyn, L.; Kaleta, D. Tobacco Health Risk Awareness among Socially Disadvantaged People—A Crucial Tool for Smoking Cessation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102244

AMA Style

Milcarz M, Polanska K, Bak-Romaniszyn L, Kaleta D. Tobacco Health Risk Awareness among Socially Disadvantaged People—A Crucial Tool for Smoking Cessation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102244

Chicago/Turabian Style

Milcarz, Marek, Kinga Polanska, Leokadia Bak-Romaniszyn, and Dorota Kaleta. 2018. "Tobacco Health Risk Awareness among Socially Disadvantaged People—A Crucial Tool for Smoking Cessation" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 10: 2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102244

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