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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2180; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102180

Modern Compact Cities: How Much Greenery Do We Need?

1
Department of Landscape Design and Sustainable Ecosystems, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, RUDN University, 117198 Moscow, Russia
2
Polo Centre of Sustainability, 18100 Imperia, Italy
3
Faculty of Economics, University of Gdansk, 81-824 Sopot, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 17 September 2018 / Accepted: 28 September 2018 / Published: 5 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Greener Cities and Healthier Lives in the Asia Pacific)
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Abstract

The modern compact city is identified as a high-density and mixed-use pattern. Its features are believed to contribute to a form of functional urban design that supports sustainability and, restresses, the importance of ecosystem services. Urban green space (UGS) plays a vital role in the design and impact on how compact cities have developed and triggered a scientific discord on the amount of greenery individuals require and to what extent contemporary approaches address the question. Research points to at least 9 m2 of green space per individual with an ideal UGS value of 50 m2 per capita. An examination on the perception, use, quality, accessibility and health risks of urban green and blue spaces is explored, alongside the availability of novel UGS and greenery-related approaches that investigate compact city design and planning for health and wellbeing. The amount of ‘green’ and relating UGS availability in cities indicates vital knowledge modern compact cities must consider. View Full-Text
Keywords: garden cities; ecosystem services; healing garden design; biophilic urbanism; edible green infrastructure garden cities; ecosystem services; healing garden design; biophilic urbanism; edible green infrastructure
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Russo, A.; Cirella, G.T. Modern Compact Cities: How Much Greenery Do We Need? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2180.

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