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Article

Associations between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Lifestyle Assessed with the MEDLIFE Index among the Working Population

1
Health Ecology Department, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Medicine, Braće Branchetta 20, Rijeka 51000, Croatia
2
Department of Health Ecology, Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorsko-goranska County, Krešimirova 52a, Rijeka 51000, Croatia
3
Faculty of Maritime Studies, University of Rijeka, Studentska ulica 2, Rijeka 51000, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2126; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102126
Received: 4 September 2018 / Revised: 24 September 2018 / Accepted: 25 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
The adherence to the Mediterranean diet is beneficial for cardiovascular diseases prevention. The study aim is to use Mediterranean lifestyle (MEDLIFE) questionnaire for estimation of Mediterranean lifestyle habits among the working population and to establish MEDLIFE score correlation with the risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. In the study has participated 366 workers from Croatia, which fulfilled MEDLIFE and validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) questionnaire. The multivariate logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between MEDLIFE index, workers’ obesity and cardiovascular diseases risk. The lowest adherence to Mediterranean lifestyle was associated to younger, low education, body fat above acceptable ranges and unfavorable lipid profile. Significant association to Mediterranean lifestyle was more among women (p = 0.002), middle aged (p = 0.02), highly physically active (p = 0.009) and those who play collective sports >2 h/w (p = 0.001), having body fat within acceptable range (p = 0.003), total cholesterol less (p = 0.03) and high-density lipoproteins (HDL-C) (p = 0.04) more than recommended. Inverse significant association was for high educational level (p = 0.02). The Mediterranean lifestyle adherence is associated to lower risk factors for cardiovascular diseases among studied working population. MEDLIFE index revealed that physical activity and conviviality are better ingrained among younger population but not the Mediterranean diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; lifestyle; Mediterranean diet; MEDLIFE index; workers cardiovascular diseases; lifestyle; Mediterranean diet; MEDLIFE index; workers
MDPI and ACS Style

Pavičić Žeželj, S.; Kenđel Jovanović, G.; Dragaš Zubalj, N.; Mićović, V.; Sesar, Ž. Associations between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Lifestyle Assessed with the MEDLIFE Index among the Working Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2126. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102126

AMA Style

Pavičić Žeželj S, Kenđel Jovanović G, Dragaš Zubalj N, Mićović V, Sesar Ž. Associations between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Lifestyle Assessed with the MEDLIFE Index among the Working Population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2126. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102126

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pavičić Žeželj, Sandra, Gordana Kenđel Jovanović, Nataša Dragaš Zubalj, Vladimir Mićović, and Željko Sesar. 2018. "Associations between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Lifestyle Assessed with the MEDLIFE Index among the Working Population" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 10: 2126. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102126

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