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Article

Speciation Variation and Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Metal(loid)s in Surface Sediments of Intertidal Zones

1
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering, Centre for Environmental Science and Technology, Tianjin 300456, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(10), 2125; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102125
Received: 6 September 2018 / Revised: 14 September 2018 / Accepted: 19 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Environmental Risk Assessment)
Speciation variation and comprehensive risk assessment of metal(loid)s (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) were investigated in surface sediments from the intertidal zones of the Yellow River Delta, China. Results showed that only the concentrations of As, Cd and Pb were significantly different between April and September (p < 0.01). In April, the residual fraction (F4) was predominant for As, Cr, Cu, Ni and Zn. However, the exchangeable and carbonate-associated fraction (F1) was dominant for Cd averaging 49.14% indicating a high environmental risk. In September, the F4 fraction was predominant and the F1 fraction was very low for most metal(loid)s except Cd and Mn. The geo-accumulation index (Igeo), the F1 fraction and potential ecological risk index (PERI) of most metal(loid)s were relatively low in surface sediments for both seasons. But Pb, As and Ni were between the threshold effect level (TEL)and the probable effect level (PEL) for 66.67%, 83.33% and 91.67% in April and As and Ni were between TEL and PEL for 41.67% and 91.67%, which indicated that the concentration of them was likely to occasionally exhibit adverse effects on the ecosystem. Although the Igeo, the F1 fraction or PERI of Cd in both seasons was higher at some sites, the results of sediment quality guidelines (SQGs) indicated that the biological effects of Cd were rarely observed in the studied area. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy metal; intertidal zone; risk assessment; source; speciation heavy metal; intertidal zone; risk assessment; source; speciation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liang, B.; Qian, X.; Peng, S.; Liu, X.; Bai, L.; Cui, B.; Bai, J. Speciation Variation and Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Metal(loid)s in Surface Sediments of Intertidal Zones. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 2125. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102125

AMA Style

Liang B, Qian X, Peng S, Liu X, Bai L, Cui B, Bai J. Speciation Variation and Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Metal(loid)s in Surface Sediments of Intertidal Zones. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(10):2125. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102125

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liang, Baocui, Xiao Qian, Shitao Peng, Xinhui Liu, Lili Bai, Baoshan Cui, and Junhong Bai. 2018. "Speciation Variation and Comprehensive Risk Assessment of Metal(loid)s in Surface Sediments of Intertidal Zones" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 10: 2125. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102125

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