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Open AccessArticle

Trajectories of Emotional Symptoms and Peer Relationship Problems in Children after Nuclear Disaster: Evidence from the Fukushima Health Management Survey

1
Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Kurume University, Fukuoka 830-0011, Japan
2
Radiation Medical Science Center for the Fukushima Health Management Survey, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
3
Department of Disaster Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
4
Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
5
Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
6
Department of Adult Mental Health, National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira 187-8553, Japan
7
Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima 960-1295, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010082
Received: 11 December 2017 / Revised: 31 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 6 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health Preparedness for and Response to Nuclear Disasters)
The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred in March 2011, is having long-term effects on children. We planned this study to describe the trajectories of emotional symptoms and peer relationship problems in children and to examine potential risks and protective factors over the 35 months following the accident. The sample was 11,791 children in the first to sixth elementary grades. We identified four patterns for emotional symptoms and three patterns for peer relationship problems, using group-based trajectory modelling. For emotional symptoms, female gender, experience of tsunami and nuclear plant accident, out-of-prefecture evacuees, and insufficient physical activity were associated with the very severe trajectory. In contrast, for peer relationship problems, male gender, experience of nuclear plant accident, and insufficient physical activity were associated with the very severe trajectory. Different factors might be related to the very severe trajectories of emotional symptoms and peer relationship problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; Physical Exercise; Child & Adolescent Psychiatry Anxiety; Depression; Physical Exercise; Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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Oe, M.; Maeda, M.; Ohira, T.; Itagaki, S.; Harigane, M.; Suzuki, Y.; Yabe, H.; Yasumura, S.; Kamiya, K.; Ohto, H. Trajectories of Emotional Symptoms and Peer Relationship Problems in Children after Nuclear Disaster: Evidence from the Fukushima Health Management Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 82.

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