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Open AccessArticle

How Work Characteristics Are Related to European Workers’ Psychological Well-Being. A Comparison of Two Age Groups

1
IDOCAL, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
2
IVIE & IDOCAL, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 127; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010127
Received: 2 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2018 / Published: 13 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Health Promotion 2018)
This study aimed to analyze the mechanisms through which work characteristics are related to psychological well-being, exploring the mediational role of work meaningfulness and job satisfaction, and investigating differences in the patterns of relationships between two age groups. The sample was composed of 36,896 workers from the 5th European Working Conditions Survey. Structural equation modeling analyses and multiple group analyses were performed. The results revealed a parallel mediational model, in which work meaningfulness and general job satisfaction mediate the relationships between work characteristics and well-being. Additionally, job satisfaction partially mediates the relationship between meaningfulness and well-being. These results were confirmed in both age groups (under 55 years old and older workers), but age moderates the relationships between social support and the mediating variables and the relationships between the mediating variables and general well-being. The present study uncovers significant pathways through which time pressure, decision latitude, and social support are related to psychological well-being, depicting an important step in better understanding how and when work characteristics are related to positive outcomes. It provides important clues for promoting psychosocial health at work at the European level. View Full-Text
Keywords: work characteristics; experienced meaningfulness; job satisfaction; psychological well-being; age work characteristics; experienced meaningfulness; job satisfaction; psychological well-being; age
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Lorente, L.; Tordera, N.; Peiró, J.M. How Work Characteristics Are Related to European Workers’ Psychological Well-Being. A Comparison of Two Age Groups. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 127.

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