Next Article in Journal
CRP Genotypes Predict Increased Risk to Co-Present with Low Vitamin D and Elevated CRP in a Group of Healthy Black South African Women
Next Article in Special Issue
“Girls Have More Challenges; They Need to Be Locked Up”: A Qualitative Study of Gender Norms and the Sexuality of Young Adolescents in Uganda
Previous Article in Journal
Community Characteristics and Leaf Stoichiometric Traits of Desert Ecosystems Regulated by Precipitation and Soil in an Arid Area of China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Parents’ Perspectives on Family Sexuality Communication from Middle School to High School
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 110;

STI Knowledge in Berlin Adolescents

Charité—Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Institute for Social Medicine, Epidemiology and Health Economics, 10117 Berlin, Germany
Institute for Public Health and Nursing Research, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117549, Singapore
Akademie für Öffentliches Gesundheitswesen, 40472 Düsseldorf, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 November 2017 / Revised: 18 December 2017 / Accepted: 19 December 2017 / Published: 10 January 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [327 KB, uploaded 10 January 2018]


Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) pose a significant threat to individual and public health. They disproportionately affect adolescents and young adults. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed self-rated and factual STI knowledge in a sample of 9th graders in 13 secondary schools in Berlin, Germany. Differences by age, gender, migrant background, and school type were quantified using bivariate and multivariable analyses. A total of 1177 students in 61 classes participated. The mean age was 14.6 (SD = 0.7), 47.5% were female, and 52.9% had at least one immigrant parent. Knowledge of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was widespread, but other STIs were less known. For example, 46.2% had never heard of chlamydia, 10.8% knew of the HPV vaccination, and only 2.2% were aware that no cure exists for HPV infection. While boys were more likely to describe their knowledge as good, there was no general gender superiority in factual knowledge. Children of immigrants and students in the least academic schools had lower knowledge overall. Our results show that despite their particular risk to contract an STI, adolescents suffer from suboptimal levels of knowledge on STIs beyond HIV. Urgent efforts needed to improve adolescent STI knowledge in order to improve the uptake of primary and secondary prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual health; sexually transmitted diseases; sexually transmitted infections; adolescent health; Berlin; Germany sexual health; sexually transmitted diseases; sexually transmitted infections; adolescent health; Berlin; Germany
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Printed Edition Available!
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

von Rosen, F.T.; von Rosen, A.J.; Müller-Riemenschneider, F.; Damberg, I.; Tinnemann, P. STI Knowledge in Berlin Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 110.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top