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How Social Care Beneficiaries in Poland Rate Relative Harmfulness of Various Tobacco and Nicotine-Containing Products

1
Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, 90-647 Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Nutrition in Digestive Tract Diseases, Medical University of Lodz, 93-338 Lodz, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1029; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091029
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 3 September 2017 / Accepted: 4 September 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
The aim of the study was to examine how social care beneficiaries rate the relative harmfulness of tobacco/nicotine-containing products compared to traditional cigarettes. This information is crucial for the development of effective tobacco control strategies targeting disadvantaged populations. The cross-sectional study covered 1817 respondents who were taking advantage of social aid services offered by the local social care institutions in the Piotrkowski district, via face-to-face interviews. The linear regression analysis indicated that relative to women, men consider slim cigarettes, smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes to be more harmful than traditional cigarettes (p < 0.05). The smokers of traditional cigarettes reported menthol cigarettes to be less harmful than traditional cigarettes, relative to the non-smokers (p = 0.05). The current results demonstrate that social care beneficiaries are not aware of the fact that some products are less harmful than others. Education concerning tobacco/nicotine products should include advice on how to reduce the adverse health effects of smoking (e.g., avoiding inhalation of combusted products), while driving the awareness that no nicotine-containing products are safe. View Full-Text
Keywords: disadvantaged groups; tobacco control; harm perception; harm reduction; public health education; cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; smokeless tobacco; water pipe disadvantaged groups; tobacco control; harm perception; harm reduction; public health education; cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; smokeless tobacco; water pipe
MDPI and ACS Style

Milcarz, M.; Polańska, K.; Bak-Romaniszyn, L.; Kaleta, D. How Social Care Beneficiaries in Poland Rate Relative Harmfulness of Various Tobacco and Nicotine-Containing Products. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1029. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091029

AMA Style

Milcarz M, Polańska K, Bak-Romaniszyn L, Kaleta D. How Social Care Beneficiaries in Poland Rate Relative Harmfulness of Various Tobacco and Nicotine-Containing Products. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(9):1029. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091029

Chicago/Turabian Style

Milcarz, Marek; Polańska, Kinga; Bak-Romaniszyn, Leokadia; Kaleta, Dorota. 2017. "How Social Care Beneficiaries in Poland Rate Relative Harmfulness of Various Tobacco and Nicotine-Containing Products" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 9: 1029. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14091029

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