Next Article in Journal
The Earth’s Population Can Reach 14 Billion in the 23rd Century without Significant Adverse Effects on Survivability
Next Article in Special Issue
Mother’s IPV, Child Maltreatment Type and the Presence of PTSD in Children and Adolescents
Previous Article in Journal
Health Risks and Contamination Levels of Heavy Metals in Dusts from Parks and Squares of an Industrial City in Semi-Arid Area of China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Violence Victimization in Korean Adolescents: Risk Factors and Psychological Problems
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(8), 887;

Bullying Behaviors among Macanese Adolescents—Association with Psychosocial Variables

Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
School of Social and behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 June 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 7 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Violence as a Public Health Issue)
Full-Text   |   PDF [335 KB, uploaded 7 August 2017]


Bullying is a widespread public health problem among school students. Using a large sample of Macanese school adolescents, the present study examines psychosocial conditions and demographic characteristics in discriminating the following four subgroups of students: victims; bullies; bully-victims; and a comparison group of adolescents. Participants included 2288 adolescents from 13 primary and secondary schools in Macau whose ages ranged from 10 to 20 years. Statistical results revealed significant differences among the groups and indicated that adolescents who are involved in school bullying experience worse psychosocial adjustment. Specifically, among the four subgroups of students, bully-victims reported the strongest feelings of anxiety, depression, and negative affectivity, and expressed the lowest satisfaction with life. Compared with students who were not involved in bullying and victimization, bullies experienced more anxiety and depression and victims had lower levels of satisfaction with life. In addition, boys were more likely to engage in bullying behaviors and younger students had a greater probability of being victimized by their peers at school. Implications for future research and practice on bullying perpetration and the prevention of peer victimization are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bullying; victimization; adolescence; psychosocial variables; Macau bullying; victimization; adolescence; psychosocial variables; Macau
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Weng, X.; Chui, W.H.; Liu, L. Bullying Behaviors among Macanese Adolescents—Association with Psychosocial Variables. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 887.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top