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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 803;

As(V) Sorption/Desorption on Different Waste Materials and Soil Samples

Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Engineering Polytechnic School, University of Santiago de Compostela, 27002 Lugo, Spain
Department of Plant Biology and Soil Science, Faculty of Sciences, Campus Ourense, University of Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2017 / Revised: 12 July 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 19 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arsenic Contamination, Bioavailability and Public Health)
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Aiming to investigate the efficacy of different materials as bio-sorbents for the purification of As-polluted waters, batch-type experiments were employed to study As(V) sorption and desorption on oak ash, pine bark, hemp waste, mussel shell, pyritic material, and soil samples, as a function of the As(V) concentration added. Pyritic material and oak ash showed high sorption (90% and >87%) and low desorption (<2% and <7%). Alternatively, hemp waste showed low retention (16% sorption and 100% desorption of the amount previously sorbed), fine shell and pine bark sorbed <3% and desorbed 100%, the vineyard soil sample sorbed 8% and released 85%, and the forest soil sample sorbed 32% and desorbed 38%. Sorption data fitted well to the Langmuir and Freundlich models in the case of both soil samples and the pyritic material, but only to the Freundlich equation in the case of the various by-products. These results indicate that the pyritic material and oak ash can be considered efficient As(V) sorbents (thus, useful in remediation of contaminated sites and removal of that pollutant), even when As(V) concentrations up to 6 mmol L−1 are added, while the other materials that were tested cannot retain or remove As(V) from polluted media. View Full-Text
Keywords: arsenic retention/release; hemp waste; mussel shell; oak ash; pine bark arsenic retention/release; hemp waste; mussel shell; oak ash; pine bark

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Quintáns-Fondo, A.; Fernández-Calviño, D.; Nóvoa-Muñoz, J.C.; Arias-Estévez, M.; Fernández-Sanjurjo, M.J.; Álvarez-Rodríguez, E.; Núñez-Delgado, A. As(V) Sorption/Desorption on Different Waste Materials and Soil Samples. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 803.

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