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Open AccessArticle

Burnout and Its Relationships with Alexithymia, Stress, and Social Support among Romanian Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

Department of Medical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine and Pharmacy “Carol Davila”, 050474 Bucharest, Romania
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Academic Editors: Sharon Lawn and Carla Sabariego
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 560; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14060560
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 24 April 2017 / Accepted: 22 May 2017 / Published: 25 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Medical school students often experience emotional difficulties when handling the challenges of their formation, occasionally leading to burnout. In this study, we measured the prevalence of burnout and its relationships with perceived stress, perceived social support, and alexithymia in medical students from the largest academic medical community in Romania. A cross-sectional survey was administered to a randomized sample of 299 preclinical medical students at the University of Medicine in Bucharest. Participants completed four standardized questionnaires. In addition to the assessment of burnout prevalence, stepwise backward regression was used to establish which variables had the highest correlation to burnout components. Further, t-tests were run to assess gender-related differences. Overall, burnout prevalence was 15.05%. Perceived stress was found to be the strongest predictor of emotional exhaustion and lack of accomplishment, while the strongest predictors of depersonalization were low perceived social support (in women) and alexithymia (in men). Women appear to be more vulnerable to two of the components of burnout (emotional exhaustion and low personal accomplishment) and associate higher perceived stress and alexithymia. These results suggest that interventions addressing academic burnout could benefit from being gender-specific, with focus on key elements, such as perceived stress and alexithymia. View Full-Text
Keywords: medical students; burnout; perceived stress; social support; alexithymia; gender medical students; burnout; perceived stress; social support; alexithymia; gender
MDPI and ACS Style

Popa-Velea, O.; Diaconescu, L.; Mihăilescu, A.; Jidveian Popescu, M.; Macarie, G. Burnout and Its Relationships with Alexithymia, Stress, and Social Support among Romanian Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 560.

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