Next Article in Journal
Work Stress and Altered Biomarkers: A Synthesis of Findings Based on the Effort–Reward Imbalance Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Price and Availability of Sugar-Free, Sugar-Reduced and Low Glycemic Index Cereal Products in Northwestern México
Previous Article in Journal
Are Some of the Cigar Warnings Mandated in the U.S. More Believable Than Others?
Previous Article in Special Issue
Variation in Point-of-Care Testing of HbA1c in Diabetes Care in General Practice
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1368; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14111368

Associations of Fasting Blood Glucose with Influencing Factors in Northeast China: A Quantile Regression Analysis

Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 August 2017 / Revised: 7 November 2017 / Accepted: 8 November 2017 / Published: 10 November 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1207 KB, uploaded 15 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become a major public health problem in China. Although a number of researchers have investigated DM risk factors, little is known about the associations between values of fasting blood glucose (FBG) and influencing factors. This study aims to explore these associations by the quantile regression (QR) model. Methods: A cross-sectional survey based on a sample of 23,050 adults aged 18 to 79 years was conducted in Jilin in 2012, and some subjects were excluded due to missing values with respect to necessary variables or having glycemic control, in accordance with the purposes of this study. Finally, in total 14,698 people were included in this study. QR was performed to identify the factors influencing the level of FBG in different quantiles of FBG. Results: The distribution of FBG status was different between males and females (χ2 = 175.30, p < 0.001). The QR model provided more detailed views on the associations of FBG with different factors and revealed apparent quantile-related patterns separately for different factors. Body mass index (BMI) was positively associated with the low and middle quantiles of FBG. Waist circumference (WC) had a positive association with the high quantiles of FBG. Conclusions: FBG had a positive association with BMI in normal FBG, and a positive association with WC in high FBG. Diet and alcohol intake were associated with FBG in normal FBG. FBG was more likely to be elevated in the elderly, female workers, and people with family history of DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; lifestyle; quantile regression diabetes mellitus; lifestyle; quantile regression
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, X.; Shen, L.; Dou, J.; Lv, Y.; Zhang, A.; Shi, F.; Xue, Z.; Yu, Y.; Jin, L.; Yao, Y. Associations of Fasting Blood Glucose with Influencing Factors in Northeast China: A Quantile Regression Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1368.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top