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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(11), 1337;

Reproductive Investment and Health Costs in Roma Women

Institute of Ethnography, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN 46202-2872, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jitse P. van Dijk
Received: 1 August 2017 / Revised: 12 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 3 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Roma Health)
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In this paper, we examine whether variation in reproductive investment affects the health of Roma women using a dataset collected through original anthropological fieldwork among Roma women in Serbia. Data were collected in 2014–2016 in several Roma semi-urban settlements in central Serbia. The sample consisted of 468 Roma women, averaging 44 years of age. We collected demographic data (age, school levels, socioeconomic status), risk behaviors (smoking and alcohol consumption), marital status, and reproductive history variables (the timing of reproduction, the intensity of reproduction, reproductive effort and investment after birth), in addition to self-reported health, height, and weight. Data analyses showed that somatic, short-term costs of reproduction were revealed in this population, while evolutionary, long-term costs were unobservable—contrariwise, Roma women in poor health contributed more to the gene pool of the next generation than their healthy counterparts. Our findings appear to be consistent with simple trade-off models that suggest inverse relationships between reproductive effort and health. Thus, personal sacrifice—poor health as an outcome—seems crucial for greater reproductive success. View Full-Text
Keywords: Roma; women; reproductive investment; health Roma; women; reproductive investment; health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Čvorović, J.; Coe, K. Reproductive Investment and Health Costs in Roma Women. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1337.

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