Next Article in Journal
Alcohol-Related Physical Abuse of Children in the Slums of Kampala, Uganda
Next Article in Special Issue
Non-Traditional Risk Factors of Albuminuria in the Pediatric Population: A Scoping Review
Previous Article in Journal
The Study of Titanium and Zirconium Ions in Water by MPT-LTQ Mass Spectrometry in Negative Mode
Open AccessArticle

Vitamin D Concentration in Maternal and Umbilical Cord Blood by Season

1
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Clinic of Metabolic Diseases and Gastroenterology, Institute of Food and Nutrition, 02-903 Warsaw, Poland
2
Clinic of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, 03-242 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(10), 1121; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101121
Received: 11 August 2017 / Revised: 21 September 2017 / Accepted: 22 September 2017 / Published: 26 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal and Child Health 2018)
Summer is generally considered to be the season when the body is well-supplied with vitamin D. The aim of this study was to compare maternal and umbilical cord blood concentrations of vitamin D during two extreme seasons of the year in Poland—winter and summer. A total of 100 pregnant women with no history of chronic diseases before pregnancy were included in the study. Pre-delivery maternal venous blood and neonatal cord blood samples were collected and total 25(OH)D concentration was measured. Data on vitamin D consumption (collected with the use of Food Frequency Questionnaire) and lifestyle factors were taken. Both, maternal and umbilical cord blood concentrations of vitamin D were higher in the summer group as compared to the winter group (mean 22.2 ± 6.5 ng/mL vs. 16.5 ± 8.2 ng/mL (p < 0.001), respectively for the mothers and 31.3 ± 9.4 ng/mL vs. 22.7 ± 11.0 ng/mL (p < 0.0001), respectively for the neonates). However, only 16% of the pregnant women reached the optimal vitamin D concentration during summer. Therefore, summer improves the levels of vitamin D in the body but does not guarantee the recommended concentration and supplementation throughout the whole year is essential. View Full-Text
Keywords: vitamin D; blood; pregnant women; newborn; season vitamin D; blood; pregnant women; newborn; season
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wierzejska, R.; Jarosz, M.; Sawicki, W.; Bachanek, M.; Siuba-Strzelińska, M. Vitamin D Concentration in Maternal and Umbilical Cord Blood by Season. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101121

AMA Style

Wierzejska R, Jarosz M, Sawicki W, Bachanek M, Siuba-Strzelińska M. Vitamin D Concentration in Maternal and Umbilical Cord Blood by Season. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(10):1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101121

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wierzejska, Regina; Jarosz, Mirosław; Sawicki, Włodzimierz; Bachanek, Michał; Siuba-Strzelińska, Magdalena. 2017. "Vitamin D Concentration in Maternal and Umbilical Cord Blood by Season" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 10: 1121. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101121

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop