Next Article in Journal
Parental Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms as Predictors of Psychosocial Problems in Children Treated for Cancer
Next Article in Special Issue
Activity Pattern of Urban Adult Students in an Eastern Mediterranean Society
Previous Article in Journal
Concern about Workplace Violence and Its Risk Factors in Chinese Township Hospitals: A Cross-Sectional Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Household Air Pollution Exposure and Influence of Lifestyle on Respiratory Health and Lung Function in Belizean Adults and Children: A Field Study
Open AccessArticle

Fuel for Life: Domestic Cooking Fuels and Women’s Health in Rural China

Institute for Health Care & Public Management, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart 70599, Germany
Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Economics and Management, Northwest A&F University, 3 Taicheng Road, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandra Cincinelli and Tania Martellini
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(8), 810;
Received: 23 June 2016 / Revised: 28 July 2016 / Accepted: 8 August 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Quality and Health 2016)
Background: There is evidence that household air pollution is associated with poor health in China, and that this form of air pollution may even be more of a health concern in China than the much-publicized outdoor air pollution. However, there is little empirical evidence on the relationship between household air pollution and health in China based on nationally representative and longitudinal data. This study examines the association between the type of domestic cooking fuel and the health of women aged ≥16 in rural China. Methods: Using longitudinal and biomarker data from the China Family Panel Studies (n = 12,901) and the China Health and Nutrition Survey (n = 15,539), we investigate the impact of three major domestic cooking fuels (wood/straw, coal, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)) on health status using both cross-sectional and panel approaches. Results: Compared to women whose households cook with dirty fuels like wood/straw, women whose households cook with cleaner fuels like LPG have a significantly lower probability of chronic or acute diseases and are more likely to report better health. Cooking with domestic coal instead of wood or straw is also associated with elevated levels of having certain risks (such as systolic blood pressure) related to cardiovascular diseases. Conclusions: Our study provides evidence that using cleaner fuels like LPG is associated with better health among women in rural China, suggesting that the shift from dirty fuels to cleaner choices may be associated with improved health outcomes. View Full-Text
Keywords: household cooking fuels; health; women; rural China household cooking fuels; health; women; rural China
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nie, P.; Sousa-Poza, A.; Xue, J. Fuel for Life: Domestic Cooking Fuels and Women’s Health in Rural China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 810.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop