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Electronic Cigarettes Use and Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Never-Smoking Adolescents and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis

1
Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 3399 Binsheng Road, Hangzhou 310051, China
2
Yidu Central Hospital of Weifang, 4138 Linglong Road, Qingzhou 262500, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(5), 465; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13050465
Received: 23 February 2016 / Revised: 24 April 2016 / Accepted: 28 April 2016 / Published: 3 May 2016
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) use is becoming increasingly common, especially among adolescents and young adults, and there is little evidence on the impact of e-cigarettes use on never-smokers. With a meta-analysis method, we explore the association between e-cigarettes use and smoking intention that predicts future cigarette smoking. Studies were identified by searching three databases up to January 2016. The meta-analysis results were presented as pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) calculated by a fixed-effects model. A total of six studies (91,051 participants, including 1452 with ever e-cigarettes use) were included in this meta-analysis study. We found that never-smoking adolescents and young adults who used e-cigarettes have more than 2 times increased odds of intention to cigarette smoking (OR = 2.21, 95% CI: 1.86–2.61) compared to those who never used, with low evidence of between-study heterogeneity (p = 0.28, I2 = 20.1%). Among never-smoking adolescents and young adults, e-cigarettes use was associated with increased smoking intention. View Full-Text
Keywords: electronic cigarette; smoking intention; meta-analysis electronic cigarette; smoking intention; meta-analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhong, J.; Cao, S.; Gong, W.; Fei, F.; Wang, M. Electronic Cigarettes Use and Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Never-Smoking Adolescents and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 465. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13050465

AMA Style

Zhong J, Cao S, Gong W, Fei F, Wang M. Electronic Cigarettes Use and Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Never-Smoking Adolescents and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(5):465. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13050465

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhong, Jieming, Shuangshuang Cao, Weiwei Gong, Fangrong Fei, and Meng Wang. 2016. "Electronic Cigarettes Use and Intention to Cigarette Smoking among Never-Smoking Adolescents and Young Adults: A Meta-Analysis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13, no. 5: 465. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13050465

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