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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(3), 344;

Do Climate Change Policies Promote or Conflict with Subjective Wellbeing: A Case Study of Suzhou, China

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, 163 Xianlin Avenue, Nanjing 210023, China
School of Geographical Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1SS, UK
Suzhou Environmental Science Research Institute, Suzhou 215007, China
Collaborative Innovation Center of Atmospheric Environment and Equipment Technology, Nanjing 210023, China
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10023, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jan C. Semenza
Received: 29 January 2016 / Revised: 9 March 2016 / Accepted: 16 March 2016 / Published: 21 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Human Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [751 KB, uploaded 21 March 2016]   |  


As public expectations for health rise, health measurements broaden from a focus on death, disease, and disability to wellbeing. However, wellbeing hasn’t been incorporated into the framework of climate change policy decision-making in Chinese cities. Based on survey data (n = 763) from Suzhou, this study used Generalized Estimation Equation approach to model external conditions associated with wellbeing. Then, semi-quantitative analyses were conducted to provide a first indication to whether local climate change policies promote or conflict with wellbeing through altering these conditions. Our findings suggested: (i) Socio-demographic (age, job satisfaction, health), psychosocial (satisfaction with social life, ontological security/resilience) and environmental conditions (distance to busy road, noise annoyance and range hoods in the kitchen) were significantly associated with wellbeing; (ii) None of existing climate change strategies in Suzhou conflict with wellbeing. Three mitigation policies (promotion of tertiary and high–tech industry, increased renewable energy in buildings, and restrictions on car use) and one adaption policy (increasing resilience) brought positive co–benefits for wellbeing, through the availability of high-satisfied jobs, reduced dependence on range hoods, noise reduction, and valuing citizens, respectively. This study also provided implications for other similar Chinese cities that potential consequences of climate change interventions for wellbeing should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: wellbeing; climate change; co-benefits; policy implications; Chinese city wellbeing; climate change; co-benefits; policy implications; Chinese city

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Liu, M.; Huang, Y.; Hiscock, R.; Li, Q.; Bi, J.; Kinney, P.L.; Sabel, C.E. Do Climate Change Policies Promote or Conflict with Subjective Wellbeing: A Case Study of Suzhou, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 344.

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