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Open AccessArticle

The Built Environment and Active Travel: Evidence from Nanjing, China

Department of Urban Planning and Design, School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Hankou Road 22, Nanjing 210093, China
Academic Editor: Harry Timmermans
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(3), 301;
Received: 25 January 2016 / Revised: 4 March 2016 / Accepted: 4 March 2016 / Published: 8 March 2016
PDF [463 KB, uploaded 8 March 2016]


Background: An established relationship exists between the built environment and active travel. Nevertheless, the literature examining the impacts of different components of the built environment is limited. In addition, most existing studies are based on data from cities in the U.S. and Western Europe. The situation in Chinese cities remains largely unknown. Based on data from Nanjing, China, this study explicitly examines the influences of two components of the built environment—the neighborhood form and street form—on residents’ active travel. Methods: Binary logistic regression analyses examined the effects of the neighborhood form and street form on subsistence, maintenance and discretionary travel, respectively. For each travel purpose, three models are explored: a model with only socio-demographics, a model with variables of the neighborhood form and a complete model with all variables. Results: The model fit indicator, Nagelkerke’s ρ2, increased by 0.024 when neighborhood form variables are included and increased by 0.070 when street form variables are taken into account. A similar situation can be found in the models of maintenance activities and discretionary activities. Regarding specific variables, very limited significant impacts of the neighborhood form variables are observed, while almost all of the characteristics of the street form show significant influences on active transport. Conclusions: In Nanjing, street form factors have a more profound influence on active travel than neighborhood form factors. The focal point of the land use regulations and policy of local governments should shift from the neighborhood form to the street form to maximize the effects of policy interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: active travel; mobility; health; built environment; China active travel; mobility; health; built environment; China

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Feng, J. The Built Environment and Active Travel: Evidence from Nanjing, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 301.

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