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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1147;

The Safety Attitudes of Senior Managers in the Chinese Coal Industry

School of Resources and Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing 100083, China
School of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 2350 Hayward St., G.G. Brown Building, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Albert P. C. Chan and Wen Yi
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 19 October 2016 / Accepted: 8 November 2016 / Published: 17 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effecting a Safe and Healthy Environment in Construction)
Full-Text   |   PDF [294 KB, uploaded 17 November 2016]


Introduction: Senior managers’ attitudes towards safety are very important regarding the safety practices in an organization. The study is to describe the current situation of senior managers′ attitudes towards safety in the Chinese coal industry. Method: We evaluated the changing trends as well as the reasons for these changes in the Chinese coal industry in 2009 and in 2014 with 168 senior manager samples from large Chinese state-owned coal enterprises. Evaluations of 15 safety concepts were performed by means of a questionnaire. Results and Conclusions: Results indicate that, in 2014, three concepts were at a very high level (mean > 4.5), and six were at a relatively high level (4.5 > mean > 4.0). Analyses of changing trends revealed that nine concepts improved significantly, while four greatly declined in 2014 compared to those in 2009. The data reported here suggest that the reasons for the significant improvement with respect to the nine concepts include the improvement in social and legal environments, the improvement of the culture of social safety, workers′ safety demands being met, and scientific and technical advances in the coal industry. The decline of the four concepts seemed to be caused by a poor awareness of managers in the coal industry that safety creates economic benefits, insufficient information on safety, inadequate attention to the development of a safety culture and safety management methods, and safety organizations and workers′ unions not playing their role effectively. Practical Applications: We therefore recommend strengthening the evidence that safety creates economic benefits, providing incentives for employees to encourage their participation in safety management, and paying more attention to the prevention of accidents in coal mines via safety organizations and unions. These results can provide guidelines for workers, industrialists, and government regarding occupational safety in the whole coal industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chinese coal industry; senior manager; attitudes towards safety; safety concepts; questionnaire Chinese coal industry; senior manager; attitudes towards safety; safety concepts; questionnaire
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhang, J.; Chen, N.; Fu, G.; Yan, M.; Kim, Y.-C. The Safety Attitudes of Senior Managers in the Chinese Coal Industry. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1147.

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