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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(11), 1137;

Behavioral Response in the Immediate Aftermath of Shaking: Earthquakes in Christchurch and Wellington, New Zealand, and Hitachi, Japan

Department of Urban Design and Planning, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
Department of Emergency Management, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, AL 36265, USA
Department of Political Science, Oklahoma State University, Oklahoma City, OK 73107, USA
Joint Centre for Disaster Research, GNS Science/Massey University, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
Faculty of Safety Science, Kansai University, Suita-shi, Osaka 564-8680, Japan
School of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 26 August 2016 / Revised: 6 October 2016 / Accepted: 10 November 2016 / Published: 15 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Evolving Relationship between Science and Disaster Risk Reduction)
Full-Text   |   PDF [823 KB, uploaded 15 November 2016]   |  


This study examines people’s response actions in the first 30 min after shaking stopped following earthquakes in Christchurch and Wellington, New Zealand, and Hitachi, Japan. Data collected from 257 respondents in Christchurch, 332 respondents in Hitachi, and 204 respondents in Wellington revealed notable similarities in some response actions immediately after the shaking stopped. In all four events, people were most likely to contact family members and seek additional information about the situation. However, there were notable differences among events in the frequency of resuming previous activities. Actions taken in the first 30 min were weakly related to: demographic variables, earthquake experience, contextual variables, and actions taken during the shaking, but were significantly related to perceived shaking intensity, risk perception and affective responses to the shaking, and damage/infrastructure disruption. These results have important implications for future research and practice because they identify promising avenues for emergency managers to communicate seismic risks and appropriate responses to risk area populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: earthquakes; post-impact response actions; risk perception earthquakes; post-impact response actions; risk perception

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Jon, I.; Lindell, M.K.; Prater, C.S.; Huang, S.-K.; Wu, H.-C.; Johnston, D.M.; Becker, J.S.; Shiroshita, H.; Doyle, E.E.; Potter, S.H.; McClure, J.; Lambie, E. Behavioral Response in the Immediate Aftermath of Shaking: Earthquakes in Christchurch and Wellington, New Zealand, and Hitachi, Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1137.

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